Glossary beginning with S

SCIEsearch for term
Social Care Institute for Excellence improves the lives of people who use care services by sharing knowledge about what works. It is an independent charity working with adults, families and children's social care and social work services across the UK. We also work closely with related services such as health care and housing. SCIEdefinition gathers and analyses knowledge about what works and translate that knowledge into practical resources, learning materials and services to help improve the knowledge and skills of those working in care services. This includes managers, frontline staff, commissioners and trainers. People and their families who use services also use SCIE resources and all of SCIE's work is developed in collaboration with experts - including people who use care services and their carers. Source of this entry = SCIE website 'about SCIE' page, February 2012 Website:
SCMHsearch for term
The former Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health - changed its name to the Centre for Mental Health in 2010. You may still see SCMHdefinition referred to/referenced in publications and many SCMH authored publications remain available to download from the Centre for Mental Health.
Self directed supportsearch for term
Support services that help give people with a disability the confidence and wellbeing to live independently, and become an active member of the community.
SENsearch for term
Special Educational Needs
SESsearch for term
Single Equalitydefinition Scheme
SEUsearch for term
Social Exclusion Unit (2001 to 2006) It was set up by the former Labour Government (1997-2010) as part of the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM) in the Cabinet Office, to provide it with policy analysis and strategic advice to tackle social exclusion as part of the wider social justice agenda. The SEUdefinition produced a number of landmark reports for social policy, including Mental Health and Social Exclusion (Social Exclusion Unit, 2004).
Severe (or serious) mental illnesssearch for term
More severe and long-lasting mental illness associated with functional impairment. Someone with a severe or serious mental illness may nevertheless also have long periods when they are well and are able to manage their illness. Source: DHdefinition (2011) No health without mental health: A cross-government mental health outcomes strategy for people of all ages. London: DH.
Sexsearch for term
A protected characteristic. It refers to whether a person is a man or a woman (of any age). Source: EHRCdefinition glossary of terms,
Sexual orientationsearch for term
An attraction towards persons of the same sex (known as homosexual, gay or lesbian), the opposite sex (heterosexual or straight) or both sexes (bisexual). (Source EHRCdefinition glossary of terms). Sexual orientationdefinition is a separate issue from gender identity. Trans people may be gay, straight, bisexual or, occasionally, asexual. Their sexual relationships may remain the same through the transition process, or they may change. Source:
Shiftsearch for term
Was an anti-stigma and discrimination campaign in England funded by the Department of Health until March 2011. Shiftdefinition was part of NSIPdefinition and then later NMHDUdefinition. Priority areas included the media, employers and Black and minority ethnic communities.
SKILLsearch for term
Is the national bureau for students with disabilities.
Skills Fundfing Agencysearch for term
Skills Funding Agency – part of BISdefinition and one of the successor agencies to the LSCdefinition. It came into being on 1 April 2010 to fund and regulate further education and skills training in England.
SMARTsearch for term
Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time bound (nemonic for setting clear objectives)
Social classsearch for term
A way of classifying people according to their occupation, first used in the UK in 1911. It was based on the notion of homogenous groups of occupations which were ranked in a hierarchy according to the degree of skills required and the 'generla standing' of the occupation. The categories have remained constant since they were introduced but the occupations included in each one is revised every decade. See also 'socioeconomic group'
Social Enterprisesearch for term
A business with primarily social objectives - surpluses are re-invested for that purpose in the business or community.
Social exclusionsearch for term
When people are prevented from accessing normal community life because of prejudice, discrimination, unemployment etc.
Social inclusionsearch for term
Creating a fairer and more just society by supporting and enabling all social groups to have equality of access to opportunities for a normal community life and public services.
Social marketingsearch for term
The use of mainstream marketing theory, skills and practice, for social good (i.e. unperpinned by ethical practice), In the UK social marketing is frequently associated with promoting changes in health damaging behaviours (e.g. stopping smoking, preventing obesity) and encouraging beneficial health behaviours (e.g. eating 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day, the Change 4Life campaign and the NEF 5 ways to wellbeing).
Socioeconomic groupsearch for term
A system for classifying occupational groups that offers an alternative way of doing so to 'social class. It was introduced in the 1950s and identified 17 unranked groups whereby the peopke in each group had similar social, cultural and recreational standards and behaviour. In practical terms the 17 groups are usually reduced to 6. Group 1 = Professional workers, doctors, solicitors, accountants Group 2 = Employers and managers (in industry and commerce) and farm owners Group 3 = Intermediate junior and non-manual workers, e.g. teachers, nurses, technicians, shop workers, administrative staff Group 4 = Skilled manaual workers, e.g. bus drivers, plumbers Group 5 = Semi-skilled manual workers, e.g. agricultural and catering staff Group 6 = Unskilled manaual workers, e.g. labourers, cleaners, porters,
SSCsearch for term
Sector Skills Council - an employer-led, independent organisation that covers a specific industry sector across the UK. There are 25 SSCs covering approximately 85 percent of the workforce. Examples include: The sector skills council for FEdefinition = LLUKdefinition The sector skills council for health and social care = Skills for Health
Step down caresearch for term
This term originally referred to care facilities that are outside acute hospitals, which enable people who strongly value their independence to leave acute hospital and to return home. More recently it has been recognised that where servivces are tiered (e.g. CAMHSdefinition, EIPdefinition) it is appropriate for young people that they might step down from a level of care of their condition improves and if it fluctuates or deteriorates they might need to step up (a level of ) care again.
Stereotypessearch for term
Widely held but fixed and oversimplified images or ideas about people based on their group identity. Stereotyping often leads to prejudice and discrimination.
Stigmasearch for term
Definitions of stigma vary because it is studied from the perspective of different disciplines. Social psychologists suggest that stigma is associated with attitudes or stereotypes that are learned and mediated by a number of psychological constructs, in terms of cognitive beliefs, feelings and associated behaviour. This model aims to explain the process of how stigma develops, but it fails to explain the wider social factors that lead to the inequalities and discrimination associated with stigma (Corrigan, Markowitz, & Watson, 2004). Thornicroft (2006) suggests that the use of the term stigma is limited in that it focuses on the individual rather than on the cause and identifying discrimination. Using a sociological approach, Link and Phelan (2001) describe stigma as a process and define it as the co-occurrence of its components - labelling, stereotyping, separation, status loss, and discrimination. This process is mediated by power and is also influenced by cultural, social and environmental factors.