Glossary beginning with E

E-learningsearch for term
Electronic learning – learning which is supported or enhanced through the application of information and communication technology
Economically active peoplesearch for term
Economically active peopledefinition include those people who are employed and those who are actively seeking work.
Economically inactive peoplesearch for term
Economically inactive peopledefinition include those who are not in paid employment or looking for work, e.g. people who are retired, look after the home/small children, are permanently sick or are full-time students.
ECUsearch for term
The Equalitydefinition Challenge Unit (ECUdefinition) works to further and support equality and diversity for staff and students in higher education institutions across the UK and in colleges in Scotland. Source:
EDI 1search for term
Acronym for the first round of the Learning and Skills Improvement Service Equalitydefinition, Diversity and Inclusion Partnership Project (2009/10) grant fund for education and training organisations.
EDI 2search for term
Acronym for the second round of the Skills Funding Agency/Learning and Skills Improvement Service Equalitydefinition, Diversity and Inclusion Partnership Project (2010/11) grant fund for education and training organisations.
EDI 3 search for term
Acronym for the third round of the Skills Funding Agency/Learning and Skills Improvement Service Equalitydefinition, Diversity and Inclusion Partnership Project (2011/12) grant fund for education and training organisations.
EDI 4search for term
Acronym for the Skills Funding Agency/Learning and Skills Improvement Service Equalitydefinition, Diversity and Inclusion Partnership Project (2012/13) grant fund for education and training organisations.
EDIFsearch for term
Shorthand for the Skills Funding Agency Equalitydefinition and Diversity Innovation Fund (2013/14) - the fifth equality and diversity grant fund fro education and training organisations to help them better meet the Public Sector Equality Duty (2010). NIACEdefinition manages this programme and each of the 41 projects funded has a webpage here on
EHRCsearch for term
Acronym referring to the Equalities and Human Rights Commission, the statutory body with responsibility for protecting, enforcing and promoting equality across the seven ‘protected’ grounds – age, disability, gender identity, marriage and civil partnerships, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion and belief, sex and sexual orientation. It replaced the former Equal Opportunities Commission, Commission for Racial Equalitydefinition and Disabilitydefinition Rights Commission in 2007.
EIPsearch for term
Early intervention in psychosis - refers to specialist mental health services that provide early intervention for you g people (aged 14-35 years) experiencing a first episode of psychosis. Some services also undertake preventative work with young people identified as being at high risk of developing first episode psychosis.
Employeesearch for term
The term ‘employee’ refers to anyone works for someone else (as opposed to being self-employed) whether or not they have a contract of employment.
Employmentsearch for term
We are mindful of the argument advanced in Realising Ambitions (DWPdefinition, 2009) that ‘the term ‘employment’ be restricted to competitive employment in a setting where disabled and non-disabled people are being employed on the same terms and conditions and where the person no longer receives out of work benefits. [Including] ... • those working in competitive settings but receiving additional support or adjustments to sustain their employment; • those working fewer than 16 hours whose earnings are sufficient to enable them to leave out of work benefits; and • those who are self-employed and no longer receive out of work benefits’ (DWP, 2009) However, in the context of this website, ‘employment’ means both paid and unpaid work. It includes working for others, volunteering, self-employment and being an unpaid carer.
Equalities monitoring formsearch for term
A form which organisations use to collect equality monitoring data – from, for example, job applicants or service users. It records information about a person’s sex, age, disability, race, religion, or sexual orientation. It is kept separately from any identifying information about the person. Source: EHRCdefinition glossary of terms,
Equalitysearch for term
Equalitydefinition is concerned with treating all people fairly, but rather than meaning that everyone should be treated the same it means ensuring that individuals and groups do not suffer or are disadvantaged when it comes to getting what they need to live.
Equality policysearch for term
A statement of an organisation’s commitment to the principle of equality of opportunity in the workplace. Source: EHRCdefinition glossary of terms,
ESAsearch for term
Employmentdefinition and Support Allowance – a government benefit, which, from October 2008, replaced Incapacity Benefit and Income Support for new claimants. Eligibility for ESAdefinition depends on an individual’s functional capability and what help they need to manage their condition and return to work. From October 2010, the government began reassessing everyone who was receiving Incapacity Benefit or Income Support on the grounds of having a disability in terms of their eligibility for/transfer to ESA.
ESOLsearch for term
English for Speakers of Other Languages. From April 2010, either all ESOLdefinition learning providers were required to either be a publicly funded college or, if a private college, be accredited through one of four agencies. This covers community organisations funded via colleges or other bodies supported by the Skills Funding Agency and all are subject to inspection by the Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted).
Ethnic groupsearch for term
A category of people considered to be significantly different from others in terms of cultural (eg dialect, religion or traditions) and sometimes physical characteristics, such as skin colour or body shape.
Ethnic symbolssearch for term
Are selected traits that are used by members of an ethnic group as symbolic badges of identity to emphasize distinctiveness from other ethnic groups. They include things like regional dialects, religions and clothing. Biological characteristics such as skin colour and body shape may also be used as ethnic symbols.
Ethnicitysearch for term
Ethnicitydefinition or ethnic group is a socially defined category of people who identify with each other based on a shared social experience or ancestry. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be associated with shared cultural heritage, ancestry, history, homeland, language (dialect) or ideology, and with symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, physical appearance, etc. Ethnicity is an important means by which people may identify with a larger group. Members of an ethnic group, on the whole, claim cultural continuities over time, although historians and cultural anthropologists have documented that many of the values, practices, and norms that imply continuity with the past are of relatively recent invention. Ethnic groups are different from other social groups, such as subcultures, interest groups or social classes, because they emerge and change over historical periods (centuries/several generations) and through having a common ancestry. There are national differences in the very way that the terms 'ethnicity' and 'ethnic groups' are described, but there is near-universal agreement that 'ethnicity' is a socially constructed identity, and not a genetically determined fact which determines behavior and an individuals characteristics/qualities. When it comes to people's health, membership of a particular ethnic group can imply certain very specific health risks and needs. For example, the higher probability of people of West African heritage being born with - or carrying the genetic trait for, Sickle Cell disease. The science of 'ethnic health', or research into ethnicity and health, and the development of services which are culturally competent to meet the specific health care needs of minority ethnic groups, is still in its infancy.