Glossary beginning with D

D/deafsearch for term
D/deafdefinition is a term used to cover all people with some type of deafness and includes those who are: hard of hearing partially deaf profoundly deaf Hard of hearing people have a slight to moderate hearing loss and will probably wear one or two hearing aids. They have difficulty hearing speech clearly, but are generally able to join in everyday activities. Partially deaf people have a more severe hearing loss which significantly affects everyday activities and communication. They may use both speech/lip-reading and sign language and probably wear hearing aids. Profoundly deaf people have little or no useful hearing and while some may wear hearing aids these do little more than assist with environmental awareness and do not help much with the understanding of speech Source:
DBTsearch for term
Dialectical behavioural therapy – a psychological therapy for people with borderline personality disorder (BPD), self-harming behaviour or suicidal ideas.
DCLG (or CLG)search for term
The Department for Communities and Local Government. It sets UK policy on local government, housing, urban regeneration, planning and fire and rescue. It has responsibility for race equality and community cohesion related issues across Great Britain and for building regulations, fire safety and some housing issues in England and Wales.
DCMSsearch for term
[Government] Department for Culture, Media and Sport
DEAsearch for term
Disabilitydefinition Employmentdefinition Adviser – specialist Jobcentre plus adviser for people who have disabilities, including people who have mental health difficulties.
DECCsearch for term
[Government] Department of Energy and Climate Change
Defrasearch for term
[Government] Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
DfEsearch for term
The government Department for Education.
DfTsearch for term
[Government] Department for Transport
DHsearch for term
The government Department of Health
Different needssearch for term
Refers to the different requirements that people with protected characteristics may have which either must or should be met to provide equality, including equality of opportunity and access. Source: EHRCdefinition glossary of terms,
Direct discriminationsearch for term
In the UK, direct discrimination consists of treating a person less favourably than others on the grounds of being pregnant/recently delivered or their age, disability, gender identity, marital status, race, religion, belief or non-belief, sex or sexual orientation. It includes instruction and pressure to discriminate, harass, victimise and racially segregate.
Disabilitysearch for term
Our use of this term is based on the definition of who is a disabled person in Part 1 of the Disabilitydefinition Discriminationdefinition Act (2010) – It encompasses a very broad definition including people who have mental health difficulties, such as depression. To be covered by the act the person’s impairment must have a substantial, adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities and have lasted for at least 12 months, or be likely to last for 12 months or more. (Source: DRC, 2007:18). Implicit in our use of the term disability with respect to people who have mental health difficulties, is the recognition that disadvantage and social exclusion are not an inevitable result of mental ill-health, but the result of stigma, discrimination and socially constructed barriers which people face.
Discriminate unlawfullysearch for term
When an employer has treated someone less favourably because of a protected characteristic (discriminated against them) and does not have a valid defence. Source: EHRCdefinition glossary of terms,
Discriminationsearch for term
The act of distinguishing differences between people favourably or with prejudice. Under the legislation there are 2 types of discrimination: direct and indirect.
Disproportionately lowsearch for term
Refers to situations where people with a protected characteristic are under-represented (e.g. in the workforce or among service-users) compared to their numbers in the population. Source: EHRCdefinition glossary of terms,
DIUSsearch for term
Government Department for Universities Innovation and Skills was a UK government department created on 28 June 2007. It took over some of the functions of the Department of Education and Skills and of the Department of Trade and Industry. It was merged into the newly formed Department for Business, Innovation and Skills in June 2009. It was responsible for adult learning, some parts of further education, higher education, skills, science and innovation. You may find that many learning and skills publications refer to /were published by DIUSdefinition and many of the Department’s WebPages remain in use on the BISdefinition website.
DLAsearch for term
Disabilitydefinition Living Allowance
DPssearch for term
Direct Payments – payments given to individuals to choose, organise and pay for the social care services they need, rather than using the services offered by their local authority.
DREsearch for term
Delivering Racedefinition Equalitydefinition on Mental Health – a five-year programme funded by the Department of Health from 2005 to 2010, in response to the Inquiry into the Death of David Rocky Bennett while in mental health services and recognition that services were not adequately meeting the needs of black and minority ethnic service users. The programme included a target to appoint 500 DREdefinition Community Development Workers in England by the end of 2007 – so that all PCT areas would have CDWsdefinition. DRE in mental health ended in January 2010 after which time race equalities work in mental health is being taken forward as part of the NMHDUdefinition National Equalities in Mental Health Programme, which covers six equalities strands.
DRE CDWssearch for term
Delivering Racedefinition Equalitydefinition Community Development Workers
DSAsearch for term
Disabled Students’ Allowance – additional financial support for students in Higher Education who have a disability, ongoing health condition, mental health condition or learning difficulty.
DTLLSsearch for term
Acronym for the Diploma in Teaching in the Lifelong Learning Sector
Dual Diagnosissearch for term
‘Covers a broad spectrum of mental health and substance misuse [including alcohol] problems that an individual might experience concurrently... [ e.g.] • a primary psychiatric illness precipitating or leading to substance misuse • substance misuse worsening or altering the course of a psychiatric illness • intoxication and/or substance dependence leading to psychological symptoms • substance misuse and/or withdrawal leading to psychiatric symptoms or illnesses’ (DHdefinition, 2002).
Duty to make reasonable adjustmentssearch for term
Where a disabled person is at a substantial disadvantage in comparison with people who are not disabled, there is a duty to take reasonable steps to remove that disadvantage by (i) changing provisions, criteria or practices, (ii) altering, removing or providing a reasonable alternative means of avoiding physical features and (iii) providing auxiliary aids. Source: EHRCdefinition glossary of terms,
DWPsearch for term
The government Department for Work and Pensions.